Kathmandu’s ancient history dates back as far as 167 BC from travels accounted by the Chinese and Indian rulers and scholars across the 400-500 AD as well as 7th-8th century. Monarchy in Nepal was later followed by the Malla Dynasty who ruled western Nepal in the 12th century and it was not until 1769 that a united Nepal was formed as one kingdom under the monarchy of Prithvi Narayan Shah. Over the last decade, the nation has undergone a constitutional change whereby the Parliament has come into rule under the Prime Minister with the withdrawal of the Monarchy.
The nation is largely Hindu in religion followed by a strong following of Buddhism. With two of the most famous sites in each respective religion located within the country, both Pashupatinath and the holy site of Lumbini are UNESCO world heritage sites that are visited by millions of visitors each year and forms an integral part of the nation’s religious depth of cultural significance.